Amref Health Africa's Position Statement on Family Planning
Reproductive health is defined in the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) Programme of action as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being in all matters relating to the reproductive system and to its functions and processes. This includes the right to autonomy and privacy in making sexual and reproductive decisions. However, despite considerable progress since the ICPD, millions of people – mostly disadvantaged women and adolescents – still lack access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information and services, including access to modern contraceptives and family planning services.
Amref Health Africa's Position Statement on MSM
While the ‘war on AIDS’ has achieved remarkable successes there still exist important gaps in global strategies aimed at containing the HIV/AIDS epidemic, with certain key populations not adequately addressed. Men who have sex with men (MSM) are one such population, and implementation of strategies that comprehensively address HIV prevention and transmission risks in this community is clearly a weak link in global HIV prevention and control efforts that represents a real threat to progress with global HIV/AIDS control and needs to be urgently addressed.
Amref Health Africa's Position Statement on Abortion
Abortion raises fundamental questions about human existence, such as when life begins and what it is that makes us human. Abortion is at the heart of contentious issues such as the right of women to control their own bodies; the nature of the Government’s duty to protect the unborn; the tension between secular and religious views of human life, and between the individual and society; the rights of spouses and parents to be involved in the abortion decision; and the conflicting rights of the mother and the foetus.
Amref Health Africa's Position Statement on Community Health Workers
A widely accepted definition of Community Health Workers proposed by a World Health Organisation (WHO) Study Group (1989) is: “Community health workers should be members of the communities where they work, should be selected by the communities, should be answerable to the communities for their activities, should be supported by the health system but not necessarily a part of its organisation, and have shorter training than professional workers.”
Amref Health Africa's Position Statement on Genital Female Mutilation/Cutting
Female Genital Mutilation (FMG), also known as Female Genital Cutting (FGC), comprises all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. It has no health benefits and harms girls and women in many ways.
Amref Health Africa's Position Statement on Task Shifting
In recent years, the world has been experiencing a chronic shortage of well-trained health workers. A total of 57 countries, 36 of which are in sub-Saharan Africa but also including Bangladesh, India and Indonesia, face crippling health workforce shortages. The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that over 4 million health workers are needed to fill the gap. The global deficit of doctors, nurses and midwives is at least 2.4 million worldwide, and 1 million in sub-Saharan African.
Amref Health Africa's Position Statement on Traditional Birth Attendants
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), a traditional birth attendant (TBA) is “a person who assists the mother during childbirth and who initially acquired her skills by delivering babies herself or by working with other TBAs”. In addition to attending deliveries, TBAs help with initiating breastfeeding; providing health education on sexually transmitted illnesses (STIs), reproductive health and nutrition; visiting mothers during and shortly following delivery to check for and educate them on the associated danger signs; and accompanying referrals to the health facilities for complicated deliveries.